Saturday , February 24 2024

Many To Many Relation – Eloquent

Many To Many Relation

Today our leading topic is many-to-many relationship Laravel 9. I would like to share with you Laravel 9 many-to-many relationship examples. This tutorial will give you a simple example of Laravel 9 belongstomany tutorial. This tutorial will give you a simple example of Laravel 9 many to many sync.


So in this tutorial, you can understand how to create many-to-many relationships with migration with a foreign key schema for one to many relationships, use sync with a pivot table, create records, attach records, get all records, delete, update, where conditions and everything related to many to many relationship.


In this example, i will create “users”, “roles” and “role_user” tables. each table is connected with each other. now we will create many to many relationships with each other by using the Laravel Eloquent Model. We will first create database migration, then model, retrieve records, and then how to create records too.

Many to Many Relationships will use “belongsToMany()” for relation.

Create Migrations:

Now we have to create a migration of the “users”, “roles” and “role_user” table. we will also add a foreign key with the users and roles table. so let’s create like as below:

users table migration:

<?php
  
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
  
return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('name');
            $table->string('email')->unique();
            $table->timestamp('email_verified_at')->nullable();
            $table->string('password');
            $table->rememberToken();
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('users');
    }
};

roles table migration:

<?php
  
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
  
return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('roles', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('name');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
  
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('roles');
    }
};

role_user table migration:

<?php
  
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
  
return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('role_user', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->foreignId('user_id')->constrained('users');
            $table->foreignId('role_id')->constrained('roles');
        });
    }
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {   
        Schema::dropIfExists('role_user');
    }
};

Create Models:

Here, we will create the User, Role, and UserRole table model. we will also use “belongsToMany()” for relationship of both models.

User Model:

<?php
  
namespace App\Models;
  
use Illuminate\Contracts\Auth\MustVerifyEmail;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;
use Illuminate\Notifications\Notifiable;
use Laravel\Sanctum\HasApiTokens;
  
class User extends Authenticatable
{
    use HasApiTokens, HasFactory, Notifiable;
  
    /**
     * The attributes that are mass assignable.
     *
     * @var array

     */
    protected $fillable = [
        'name',
        'email',
        'password',
    ];
  
    /**
     * The attributes that should be hidden for serialization.
     *
     * @var array

     */
    protected $hidden = [
        'password',
        'remember_token',
    ];
  
    /**
     * The attributes that should be cast.
     *
     * @var array

     */
    protected $casts = [
        'email_verified_at' => 'datetime',
    ];
  
    /**
     * The roles that belong to the user.
     */
    public function roles()
    {
        return $this->belongsToMany(Role::class, 'role_user');
    }
}

Role Model:

<?php
  
namespace App\Models;
  
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
  
class Role extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
  
    /**
     * The users that belong to the role.
     */
    public function users()
    {
        return $this->belongsToMany(User::class, 'role_user');
    }
}

UserRole Model:

<?php
  
namespace App\Models;
  
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
  
class UserRole extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
      
}

Retrieve Records:

$user = User::find(1);	
 
dd($user->roles);


$role = Role::find(1);	
 
dd($role->users);

Create Records:

$user = User::find(2);	
 
$roleIds = [1, 2];
$user->roles()->attach($roleIds);


$user = User::find(3);	
 
$roleIds = [1, 2];
$user->roles()->sync($roleIds);


$role = Role::find(1);	
 
$userIds = [10, 11];
$role->users()->attach($userIds);


$role = Role::find(2);	
 
$userIds = [10, 11];
$role->users()->sync($userIds);

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